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高中化學方程式關系圖ppt

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高中化學方程式關系圖ppt凯旋棋牌

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ZHESHIGAOZHONGHUAXUEFANGCHENGSHIGUANXITUpptXIAZAI,ZHUYAOJIESHAOLEJIANJINSHUDEFANYING;TIYUANTANMI;LVJIQIHUAHEWUDEFANYING;LVQIYUYATIEYANDEFANYING,HUANYINGDIANJIXIAZAI。

凯旋棋牌DIERJIANG ZHONGDIANFANYINGPAICHA YI、ZHANGJIEXILIEFANYINGJITIYUANTANMI 1.JIANJINSHUDEFANYING (1)JIANJINSHUDANZHIDEHUAXUEFANYING ①YUSHUIFANYING 2Na+2H2O=== 2K+2H2O=== 2Na+CuSO4+2H2O=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 NAYUYANRONGYEFANYING,BUNENGZHIHUANCHUYANZHONGDEJINSHU,ERSHIXIANYUH2OFANYINGSHENGCHENGNaOH,RANHOUSHENGCHENGDENaOHRONGYEZAIYUYANRONGYEFANYING,NAYUH2O、SUANFANYINGDESHIZHIDOUSHIYUH+FANYING,SUOYINAYUSUANRONGYEFANYINGGENGWEIJULIE。NAYURONGRONGDEYANFANYINGCAIKENENGZHIHUANCHUYANZHONGDEJINSHU。 (2)JIANJINSHUHUAHEWUDEHUAXUEFANYING ①Na2O2 2H2O+2Na2O2=== 2CO2+2Na2O2=== SO2+Na2O2=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 1 mol Na2O2CANYUFANYINGZHUANYIDIANZIDEWUZHIDELIANGWEI 1 mol,GAIJIELUNCHANGYONGZAIKAOCHANADETIMUZHONG。Na2O2JUYOUQIANGYANGHUAXING,NENGJIANGJUYOUHUANYUANXINGDEWUZHIYANGHUA,ZHUYIXIANGGUANFANYINGLIZIFANGCHENGSHIDESHUXIE(RUJIANGNa2O2TOURUNa2S、Na2SO3、NaI、FeSO4DENGJUYOUHUANYUANXINGDERONGYEZHONG)。 ②Na2CO3 Na2CO3+2HCl(GUOLIANG)=== Na2CO3+HCl(BUZU)=== Na2CO3+CO2+H2O=== Na2CO3+Ca(OH)2=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 XIANGNa2CO3RONGYEZHONGJIARUYANSUANSHIFANYINGFENLIANGBUJINXING,SHOUXIANSHENGCHENGNaHCO3,RANHOUSHINaHCO3YUYANSUANFANYINGSHENGCHENGCO2。LIANGZHEDIJIADESHUNXUBUTONG,CHANSHENGDEXIANXIANGYEBUTONG,ZHEJIUSHIBUYONGQITASHIJIJIUNENGJIANBIECHUNa2CO3RONGYEHEYANSUANDEYUANLI。 ③NaHCO3 NaHCO3+HCl=== NaHCO3+NaOH=== 2NaHCO3+Ca(OH)2(BUZU)=== NaHCO3+Ca(OH)2(GUOLIANG)=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.BUNENGYONGCHANGYAXIAZHENGFARONGJIDEFANGFAZHIBEINaHCO3JINGTI,BUNENGYONGCHENGQINGSHIHUISHUIJIANBIENa2CO3YUNaHCO3。 b.ZAISHUXIETANSUANQINGYANYUCHENGQINGSHIHUISHUIFANYINGDELIZIFANGCHENGSHISHIYAOTEBIEZHUYILIANGZHELIANGDEXIANGDUIDUOSHAO。 c.XISHOUCO2QITIZHONGDEHClBUNENGYONGBAOHENa2CO3RONGYE,XUYONGBAOHENaHCO3RONGYE。 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.CIFANYINGZAIGAOKAOZHONGSHIYIGEREDIANFANYING,ZHUYAOCHUXIANZAITUIDUANTIZHONG,SHIYOUJINSHUDANZHIZUOFANYINGWUSHENGCHENGFEIJINSHUGUTIDANZHIDEZHIHUANFANYING。 b.MEIZHUHUOSHIBUNENGYONGERYANGHUATANMIEHUOQIPUMIE。 c.CHANGWENXIAMEIZAIKONGQIZHONGYUO2FANYINGSHENGCHENGYICENGJIANGUZHIMIDEYANGHUAWUBAOHUMO,SUOYIJINSHUMEIYOUKANGFUSHIXING。 3.LVJIQIHUAHEWUDEFANYING (1)LVPIANCHANSHENGQINGQIDEFANYING 2Al+6HCl=== 2Al+2NaOH+2H2O=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 LVDANZHISHIZHONGXUEHUAXUEZHONGDIANXINGDEJINENGYUSUANFANYING、YOUNENGYUJIANFANYINGDEJINSHUDANZHI,ZHECHANGZUOWEIGAOKAOZHONGWUZHITUIDUANTIDE“TIYAN”。 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.YINFALVREFANYINGDECAOZUOSHIGAOKAOSHIYANKAOCHADEREDIAN。ZHUYAOCAOZUOSHIXIANPUYICENGKClO3,CHASHANGMEITIAO,RANHOUDIANRANMEITIAO。 b.ZHUYILVREFANYINGSHIZHONGXUEHUAXUEZHONGWEIYIYIGEJINSHUDANZHIYUJINSHUYANGHUAWUZAIGAOWENTIAOJIANXIADEZHIHUANFANYING。 c.GAIFANYINGXINGSHICHANGZAIWUJIKUANGTUZHONGCHUXIAN,ZHUYIFANYINGTIAOJIAN(GAOWEN)JIXINXI(LVREFANYING)。 (3)Al2O3DEFANYING(LIANGXING) Al2O3+6HCl=== Al2O3+2NaOH=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 YOUCIKEZHIAl2O3SHIYIZHONGJINENGYUSUANFANYING,YOUNENGYUJIAN FANYINGDELIANGXINGYANGHUAWU。 (4)Al(OH)3DEFANYING(LIANGXING) Al(OH)3+3HCl=== Al(OH)3+NaOH=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 YOUYISHANGFANYINGKEZHI,Al(OH)3SHIYIZHONGJIRONGYUSUANYOURONG YUJIANDEBAISECHENDIAN,ZHESHIGAOKAOTUIDUANTIDECHANGJIAN“TIYAN”。 (5)LVYANDEFANYING ①LVYANYUANSHUIFANYING Al3++3NH3·H2O=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.BUGUANANSHUISHIFOUGUOLIANG,DOUHUIFASHENGCIFANYING, Al(OH)3BURONGYUGUOLIANGDEANSHUI。 b.CIFANYINGCHANGYONGYUZHIBEIAl(OH)3。 ②PIANLVSUANYANDEFANYING XIANGPIANLVSUANYANRONGYEZHONGDIJIAYANSUAN NaAlO2+HCl+H2O=== NaAlO2+4HCl=== 【TIYUANTANMI】 XIANGPIANLVSUANYANZHONGZHUDIDIJIAGUOLIANGYANSUANDESHIYANXIANXIANGSHI XIANCHANSHENGBAISECHENDIAN,RANHOUCHENDIANRONGJIE。 Fe+2H+===Fe2++H2↑(SUANWEIFEIYANGHUAXINGSUAN) Fe+4HNO3(XI)===Fe(NO3)3+NO↑+2H2O(TIESHILIANG) 3Fe+8HNO3(XI)===3Fe(NO3)2+2NO↑+4H2O(TIEGUOLIANG) Fe+CuSO4===Cu+FeSO4 2FeCl3+Fe===3FeCl2 【TIYUANTANMI】 ①FeCl2RONGYEYUNaOHRONGYEZAIKONGQIZHONGFANYINGDEXIANXIANGBIANHUA,CHANGYONGYUWUZHITUIDUAN。XIANGFe2+RONGYEZHONGJIARUXIAOSUAN、KMnO4、LVSHUIDENGJUYOUYANGHUAXINGDEWUZHISHI,RONGYEHUICHUXIANQIANHUANGLVSE→ZONGHUANGSEDEYANSEBIANHUA,GAIXIANXIANGKEYONGYUFe2+DECHUBUJIANYAN。 ②ZHIBEIFe(OH)2DEFANGFAHENDUO,YUANZEYOULIANGDIAN,YISHIRONGYEZHONGDERONGJIEYANGBIXUTIQIANCHUQU,ERSHIFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGBIXUYUO2GEJUE。 ③Fe3+DEJIANYANFANGFAJIAODUO,RUGUANCHARONGYEYANSEFA(ZONGHUANGSE)、NaOHRONGYEFA(SHENGCHENGHONGHESECHENDIAN)、KSCNRONGYEFA(SHENGCHENGHONGSERONGYE),QIANMIANLIANGZHONGFANGFAXURONGYEZHONGFe3+NONGDUJIAODASHICAISHIYONG,ZUIHAOYEZUILINGMINDEFANGFASHIKSCNRONGYEFA。Fe2+DEJIANYANKECAIYONGJIARUKSCNRONGYEHOUZAIJIARUYANGHUAJIDEFANGFA,HUOYONGTIEQINGHUAJIAK3[Fe(CN)6]RONGYE。 【TIYUANTANMI】 TONGZUOWEIBUHUOPOJINSHUDEDAIBIAO,GAOKAOCHANGKAOCHA: a.TONGDANZHIDEHUAXUEXINGZHI; b.TONGDEHUAHEWUZAIFANYINGZHONGDEYANSEBIANHUA; c.CuSO4·5H2OZAIBUTONGWENDUTIAOJIANXIAFENJIEFANYINGDEJIANDANJISUAN。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZHELIANGGEFANYINGKAOCHAJIAOWEIPINFAN,KAOSHENGXUYINQIZHONGSHI。 (2)LVQIYUYATIEYANDEFANYING XIANGLVHUAYATIERONGYEZHONGTONGRULVQI 2FeCl2+Cl2===2FeCl3 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.GAIFANYINGDESHIYANXIANXIANG:RONGYEYOUQIANLVSEBIANCHENGZONGHUANGSE。 b.CIFANYINGCHANGYONGYUJIANYANFe2+。YOUYUFe2+BUNENGZHIJIEJIANYAN,ZHIYOUJIANGFe2+YUCl2FANYINGSHENGCHENGFe3+,RANHOUZAIJIANYAN。 (3)LVQIRONGYUSHUI Cl2+H2O HCl+HClO 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.XINZHILVSHUIZHONGHANYOUH+、Cl-、ClO-、OH-、Cl2、HClO、H2O。 b.LVQIRONGYUSHUI,DANNANRONGYUBAOHESHIYANSHUI,GUKEJIANGHANHClQITIZAZHIDELVQITONGRUBAOHESHIYANSHUIZHONG,YICHUQUHCl,ZHEYIDIANZAIZONGHESHIYANZHONGCHANGHUISHEJI,XUZHUYI。 【TIYUANTANMI】  a.CILVSUANKEZUOQIANGYANGHUAJI,SHAJUNXIAODU,HUANKEZUOPIAOBAIJI。 b.XINZHILVSHUIYAOBIGUANGBAOCUN。 【TIYUANTANMI】 CIFANYINGSHUOMINGLECl2ZUOWEIWEIQISHI,XISHOUJIYINGYONG NaOHRONGYE,ZHEGEHUIZAISHIYANZONGHETIZHONGCHUXIAN,XUZHUYI。 (7)LUSUDANZHIJIANDEZHIHUANFANYING JIANGXINZHILVSHUIZHURUSHENGNaBrHUONaIRONGYEDESHIGUANZHONG Cl2+2NaBr===Br2+2NaCl  Cl2+2NaI===I2+2NaCl 【TIYUANTANMI】 SHANGSHUFANYINGKEYONGYUYANZHENGLUSUDANZHIDEYANGHUAXINGQIANGRUO。 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.GUOYANGHUAQINGDEHUAXUESHIWEIH2O2,QIZHONGYANGYUANSUWEI-1JIA,H2O2JIYOUYANGHUAXINGYOUYOUHUANYUANXING,BINGQIEYIYANGHUAXINGWEIZHU,YONGZUOPIAOBAIJI、XIAODUJI。 b.CIFANYINGSHISHIYANSHIZHIQUO2DEYIZHONGFANGFA。 【TIYUANTANMI】 CIFANYINGSHIGAOKAOKAOCHAXINGZHISHIYANDEREDIAN,YAOTEBIEZHUYISHIYANZHONGJIANYANSO2HECO2SHITAMENZHIJIANDEXIANGHUGANRAO。BIXUXIANYONGPINHONGRONGYEJIANYANSO2,BINGQUEDINGSO2CHUJINHOU,ZAIYONGCHENGQINGSHIHUISHUIJIANYANCO2。 【TIYUANTANMI】 DANDEYANGHUAWUHEO2、SHUIFANYINGDEJISUANKEGENJUFANYINGWUXIANGDUILIANGDEDUOSHAOPANDUANSHENGYUQITI,DANWULUNSHENMEQINGKUANG,SHENGYUQITIDOUBUSHINO2。 【TIYUANTANMI】 NONGXIAOSUANDEYANGHUAXINGDAYUXIXIAOSUANDE,TONGYUNONGXIAOSUANHEXIXIAOSUANDELIANGGEFANYINGZHONGXIAOSUANJUNMEIYOUQUANBUZUOYANGHUAJI。TONGYUNONGXIAOSUANFANYINGSHIZAISHIGUANNEIJIUNENGKANDAOHONGZONGSEDENO2,ERYUXIXIAOSUANFANYINGSHIXUZAISHIGUANKOUCAINENGKANDAOHONGZONGSEQITI。 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.CIFANYINGYONGYUGONGYEZHIDANZHIGUI。 b.CIFANYINGSHIZHONGXUEHUAXUEZHONGWEIYIDETONGZHUZUFEIJINSHUGUTIDANZHIZHIJIANDE ZHIHUANFANYING。 (2)ERYANGHUAGUIYUQINGYANGHUANARONGYEFANYING SiO2+2NaOH===Na2SiO3+H2O 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.YOUCIFANYINGKEZHIZHUANGNaOHRONGYEDESHIJIPINGBUNENGYONGBOLISAI。 b.ZHONGHEDIDINGSHIJIANYEZHINENGZHUANGZAIJIANSHIDIDINGGUANZHONG。 (3)ERYANGHUAGUIYUQINGFUSUANFANYING SiO2+4HF===SiF4↑+2H2O 【TIYUANTANMI】 a.DIAOKEBOLIYUANLI;b.SHIYANSHIZHONGQINGFUSUANDEBAOCUN。 【TIYUANTANMI】 DANGFANYINGSHIZHONGz=0SHIBIAOSHIJINGDERANSHAO,CH4、C2H4、C2H2RANSHAODEXIANXIANGBUTONG,KEYONGYUQIJIANBIE。YOUJIWURANSHAOHUANYONGYUYOUJIWUFENZISHIDEQUEDING,QIFANGFASHIGENJUC、H、OYUANZISHOUHENG。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZAIYOUJIFANYINGZHONGQUQINGHEJIAYANGDEFANYINGDOUSHIYANGHUAFANYING,BUBAOHEJINGYUSUANXINGKMnO4RONGYEDEFANYINGYESHIYANGHUAFANYING。HANYOUQUANJIDEYOUJIWUCHANGLIYONGYINANRONGYEHUOXINZHICu(OH)2XUANZHUOYELAIJIANBIE。CHUN、QUANDEYANGHUAFANYINGHUANYONGYUYOUJITUIDUANHEHECHENGTIZHONG,SHUXIEXIANGGUANFANYINGSHISHIMOFANGSHANGSHUFANYINGJIKE。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZAIYOUJIFANYINGZHONGJIAQINGHEQUYANGDEFANYINGDOUSHIHUANYUANFANYING,HANYOUTANTANBUBAOHEJIANDEYOUJIWUDOUNENGYUH2FASHENGHUANYUAN(HUOJIACHENG)FANYING,DANZHILEI、SUOSUANLEIZHONGDETANYANGSHUANGJIANBUNENGYUH2ZHIJIEFASHENGHUANYUAN(HUOJIACHENG)FANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 YIBANYOUJIWUDOUKEFASHENGQUDAIFANYING,ZHISHITIAOJIANBUTONGERYI。ZHIHUAFANYINGYESHUYUQUDAIFANYING,DANXUYONGNONGLIUSUANJINXINGCUIHUAHEXISHUI,XISHUIYOULIYUPINGHENGXIANGZHUSHENGCHENGZHIDEFANGXIANGYIDONG,ZHUYIZAIZHIHUAFANYINGZHONGBUNENGYONGXILIUSUAN。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZHIYAOHANYOUTANTANBUBAOHEJIANDEYOUJIWUDOUNENGFASHENGJIACHENGFANYING,HAN—CHO、—C≡NDENGGUANNENGTUANDEYOUJIWUYENENGFASHENGJIACHENGFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 CIFANYINGFASHENGDETIAOJIANSHINaOHDECHUNRONGYE,BUYAOYUSHUIJIEFANYINGDETIAOJIANHUNXIAO,ZAIKUANGTUTUIDUANTIZHONGRONGYIKAOCHACIFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZAIGAOZHONGJIEDUANNENGFASHENGXIAOQUFANYINGDEYOUJIWUZHIYOUCHUNLEIHELUDAIJING,XUSHULIANZHANGWOJIAOCAIZHONGDEZHONGYAODAIBIAOFANYING,YOUQISHIXIAOQUWEIZHI、TIAOJIANDENG,XIAOQUFANYINGSHIYINRUTANTANBUBAOHEJIANDEZHONGYAOFANGFA。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ①②WEIJIAJUFANYING,③④WEISUOJUFANYING。SUOJUFANYINGDECHANWUZHONGYIBANYOUH2ODENGXIAOFENZI。TONGSHIHANYOU—OHYU—COOH、—NH2YU—COOHHUOHANYOULIANGGE—COOH、LIANGGE—OHDEYOUJIWUDOUNENGFASHENGSUOJUFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZHIYAOHANYOUTANTANBUBAOHEJIANDEYOUJIWUDOUNENGFASHENGJIACHENGFANYING,HAN—CHO、—C≡NDENGGUANNENGTUANDEYOUJIWUYENENGFASHENGJIACHENGFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 CIFANYINGFASHENGDETIAOJIANSHINaOHDECHUNRONGYE,BUYAOYUSHUIJIEFANYINGDETIAOJIANHUNXIAO,ZAIKUANGTUTUIDUANTIZHONGRONGYIKAOCHACIFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ZAIGAOZHONGJIEDUANNENGFASHENGXIAOQUFANYINGDEYOUJIWUZHIYOUCHUNLEIHELUDAIJING,XUSHULIANZHANGWOJIAOCAIZHONGDEZHONGYAODAIBIAOFANYING,YOUQISHIXIAOQUWEIZHI、TIAOJIANDENG,XIAOQUFANYINGSHIYINRUTANTANBUBAOHEJIANDEZHONGYAOFANGFA。 【TIYUANTANMI】 ①②WEIJIAJUFANYING,③④WEISUOJUFANYING。SUOJUFANYINGDECHANWUZHONGYIBANYOUH2ODENGXIAOFENZI。TONGSHIHANYOU—OHYU—COOH、—NH2YU—COOHHUOHANYOULIANGGE—COOH、LIANGGE—OHDEYOUJIWUDOUNENGFASHENGSUOJUFANYING。 【TIYUANTANMI】 GONGYESHANGDEXIANGGUANFANYINGCHANGYUHUAXUEJISHUHUOHUAXUEFANYINGYUANLIXIANGJIEHEJINXINGMINGTI。ZHUYILIJIEGONGYEZHIBEIYUANLI、SHEBEIJIDUIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG。 【TIYUANTANMI】 TONGCHANGYICHANGJIANQITIDEZHIBEIWEIQIERUKOU,KAOCHACHANGJIANQITIDEZHIBEIYUANLI、YIQIDEXUANZE、SHIYANZHUANGZHIDELIANJIE、QIMIXINGDEJIANCHA、SHIYANXIANXIANGDEMIAOSHU、QITIDEJINGHUA、SHOUJIHEWEIQICHULI,YIJISHIYANYIQIDECHUANGXINSHIYONGHEBUTONGSHIYANZHIJIANYOUGUANYUANLI、FANGFAHEJINENGDENGFANGMIANDEQIANYIYINGYONGNENGLI,CILEISHITIKAOCHAZHISHIMIANGUANG,XINGSHILINGHUO。

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化學方程式綜合計算ppt:這是化學方程式綜合計算ppt下載,主要介紹了利用化學方程式的各類計算;例題解析;課堂練習,歡迎點擊下載。
有關化學方程式的計算PPT課件:這是有關化學方程式的計算PPT課件下載,主要介紹了有關化學方程式的計算;例;練習;小結,歡迎點擊下載哦。
課題3 利用化學方程式的簡單計算(1)PPT:課題3 利用化學方程式的簡單計算(1)PPT這個PPT主要包含了根據化學方程式計算的步驟,簡化格式,解題注意等內容,歡迎下載。
《高中化學方程式關系圖ppt》是由用戶huangyixuan于2020-01-05上傳,屬于化學課件PPT。

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